MENU
crimea-r

No turning back: Russia activates Crimean cable

hijack-f

Sprint, Windstream: Latest ISPs to hijack foreign networks

August 13, 2014 Comments (121) Views: 10153 Engineering, Internet, Uncategorized

Internet Touches Half Million Routes: Outages Possible Next Week

Tweet about this on TwitterShare on FacebookShare on Google+Share on LinkedInShare on Reddit

There was minor consternation in Internet engineering circles today, as the number of IPv4 networks worldwide briefly touched another magic “power of 2″ size limit. As it turns out, 512K (524,288 to be exact, or 2-to-the-19th power) is the maximum number of routes supported by the default TCAM configuration on certain aging hardware platforms.

The problem is real, and we still haven’t seen the full effects, because most of the Internet hasn’t yet experienced the conditions that could cause problems for underprovisioned equipment. Everyone on the Internet has a slightly different idea of how big the global routing table is, thanks to slightly different local business rules about peering and aggregation (the merging of very similar routes to close-by parts of the Internet address space). Everyone has a slightly different perspective, but the consensus estimate is indeed just under 512K, and marching higher with time.

The real test, when large providers commonly believe that the Internet contains 512K routes, and pass that along to all their customers as a consensus representation of Internet structure, will start later this week, and will be felt nearly everywhere by the end of next week.

Enterprises that rely on the Internet for delivery of service should pay close attention to the latency and reachability of the paths to customers in the coming weeks, in order to identify affected service providers upstream and work around them while they perform appropriate upgrades to their infrastructure.

Here’s a plot of monthly routing table sizes from our peers, over the last several years. Note that there’s no good exact opinion about the One True Size of the Internet — every provider we talk to has a slightly different guess. The peak of the distribution today (the consensus) is actually only about 502,000 routes, but recognizably valid answers can range from 497,000 to 511,000, and a few have straggled across the 512,000 line already. The number varies from minute to minute as well, and this close to 512K, any minor event, such as a deaggregation by a large provider (fragmenting a network route into smaller ones for traffic engineering purposes) could push the global collective past the critical point. plot2

 

Putting This Event in Perspective: Don’t Panic

It’s important to put this all in proper perspective (and yes, friends from the media who cover Internet infrastructure issues, I’m especially hoping you read down to this paragraph).

This situation is more of an annoyance than a real Internet-wide threat. Most routers in use today at midsize to large service providers, and certainly all of the routers that operate the core infrastructure of the Internet, have plenty of room to deal with the Internet’s current span, because they were provisioned that way by sensible network operators.

Affected boxes cause local connectivity problems for the network service providers who still run them, so they will be identified quickly and upgraded as we pass the threshold. Their instability in turn causes some minor additional load on adjacent routers.

But the overall stability of the global routing system should be unaffected. In terms of a threat, this isn’t nearly in the same class as some poison-message scenarios we’ve described before, which combine router failure with contagion dynamics.

Origins of the Problem

This has been coming for some time. The Internet keeps growing, which is what it does best. There’s very little indication that the current shortage of IPv4 space has done anything to dissuade new autonomous systems (enterprises, universities, service providers, etc.) from connecting to the Internet and expecting to route some space of their own.

Ironically, exhaustion may be speeding up the growth, as enterprises and service providers learn to use tricks like carrier-grade NAT to get their jobs done in tinier and tinier fragments of the remaining IPv4 space.

The routing table in every border router on Earth has to carry a route to each and every one of those tiny fragments, as free addressable space gets tighter and tighter. And every IPv4 route takes basically the same amount of memory in the router, whether it’s an enormous university-sized block of 64K IP addresses, or a little taste of 256 IP addresses (the smallest generally routable block). That relentless pressure has pushed the distribution of global routing table sizes up and up, as more and more people join the Internet, and find themselves fighting over smaller and smaller crumbs of IPv4 space. plot1

And that means that 512K is right around the corner for everyone on Earth, as early as next week. Here’s a plot of the distribution of routing table size, marching forward, from May 2014 (red) through July 2014 (purple) and up to today (blue). This wave only propagates one way. Someday, sooner than you think, we’ll be facing the 1024K routing table challenge.

The Good News

So far, as the first providers cross the 512K line, we’re not seeing real, serious evidence of increased Internet instability, at least not at the levels that would affect enterprises and service providers worldwide in meaningful ways. Some people who are downstream of affected equipment may be noticing early problems, if they find themselves learning 512K routes today thanks to a deaggregation event that injects thousands of transient routes.

Here we can see the percentage of the Internet that’s affected by routing instability on a daily basis, the kind of flickering change that we’d expect to see if routers everywhere were rebooting. Typically it’s 3 to 7 percent and obeys cycles based on human timescale: less on the weekends, when networking professionals leave the Internet alone, less during the December holidays. We see some increase in 2014, but in recent months and days, no clear trend higher in instability.

plot3
plot4

What Comes Next

This event won’t be over tomorrow; in fact, it has barely begun. As the routing table size distribution creeps to the right, the number of routers in the world who “see” 512K+ routes will steadily increase. Within a few weeks, nearly every piece of vulnerable gear will have been discovered, as 512K+ becomes the global consensus opinion. We don’t know how many machines that represents, and we don’t know what the net impact will be on local Internet connectivity before it all gets sorted out.

There is irony lurking here, of course, if you read the advisories. You can change the default configuration to reclaim more TCAM for IPv4 .. but only at the expense of support for IPv6, the “next generation” Internet addressing scheme that continues to struggle for widespread adoption. Sadly, this elderly gear was shipped at a time when the world was full of hope for the emergence of a real, live, flourishing IPv6 routing table. There’s far too much TCAM alloted to IPv6, as a result (in at least one case, 256K routes, when the current IPv6 routing table still requires fewer than 20K).

You can reclaim most of that precious router memory for IPv4, and you’ll be fine again .. at the expense of evicting your IPv6 routes from TCAM. That’s probably a decent bet, since anyone who failed to future-proof their deployment and is still running this older gear probably has very, very little IPv6 traffic on their network anyway. For IPv6 aficionados who are are tracking the continuing growth and robust good health of the “legacy” IPv4 Internet, that’s called “cold comfort.”

Tags: , ,

121 Responses to Internet Touches Half Million Routes: Outages Possible Next Week

  1. […] Cowie / Renesys:Internet Touches Half Million Routes: Outages Possible Next Week — There was minor consternation in Internet engineering circles today, as the number of IPv4 […]

  2. […] our Technical Director Matthew Hattersley with a link giving a full explanation further below. Internet Touches Half Million Routes: Outages Possible Next Week – Renesys Essentially the issue here is the amount of memory that routers allocate to storing routes. […]

  3. […] As the Internet grows beyond 512K routes in the coming weeks, older vulnerable routers may run out of memory, causing localized outages.  […]

  4. […] Cowie / Renesys: Internet Touches Half Million Routes: Outages Possible Next Week  —  There was minor consternation in Internet engineering circles today, as the […]

  5. […] due to local flooding, but apparently that’s not the case. Rather, older routers and their inability to cope with the web’s ever-growing routing table is to […]

  6. […] There was minor consternation in Internet engineering circles today, as the number of IPv4 networks worldwide briefly touched another magic “power of 2″ size limit. As it turns out, 512K (524,288 to be exact, or 2-to-the–19th power) is the maximum number of routes supported by the default TCAM configuration on certain aging hardware platforms. The problem is real, and we still haven’t seen the full effects, because most of the Internet hasn’t yet experienced the conditions that could cause problems for underprovisioned equipment. Everyone on the Internet has a slightly different idea of how big the global routing table is, thanks to slightly different local business rules about peering and aggregation (the merging of very similar routes to close-by parts of the Internet address space). Everyone has a slightly different perspective, but the consensus estimate is indeed just under 512K, and marching higher with time. Read full story => renesys […]

  7. […] can only handle routing tables with 512,000 routes, and, as Internet traffic management firm Dyn notes on its blog, the number of global routes has recently reached that threshold. In other words, it seems as if […]

  8. […] can only handle routing tables with 512,000 routes, and, as Internet traffic management firm Dyn notes on its blog, the number of global routes has recently reached that threshold. In other words, it seems as if […]

  9. […] Internet BGP routing table consensus, between 2010 and 2014 [Source: Renesys] […]

  10. […] Internet BGP routing table consensus, between 2010 and 2014 [Source: Renesys] […]

  11. […] antitrust regulators? One expert says the company is “getting very close to the line.” Experts from Renesys warn of “annoyance” that could cause online outages at the end of this week and next week […]

  12. […] That’s where this thing gets a little messy. Let’s start with a brief excerpt from the blog item this week from Renesys. […]

  13. […] the problems on Twitter (most users should no longer be having problems). A blog post over at Renesys offers some excellent detail into what occurred, calling this “more of an annoyance than a real Internet-wide threat”: quote:There was […]

  14. […] By Robert Lemos Chart courtesy of Renesys, a subsidiary of Dyn […]

  15. […] By Robert Lemos Chart courtesy of Renesys, a subsidiary of Dyn […]

  16. […] August 13, 2014 unoriginal Chart courtesy of Renesys, a subsidiary of Dyn […]

  17. […] And Toonk and others predict that there could be more problems ahead, when we again cross that magic 512,000 threshold. “The problem is real, and we still haven’t seen the full effects, because most of the Internet hasn’t yet experienced the conditions that could cause problems for The problem is real, and we still haven’t seen the full effects, because most of the Internet hasn’t yet experienced the conditions that could cause problems for underprovisioned equipment. equipment,” wrote Jime Cowie, Chief Scientist at networking company Dyn, on his company’s blog. […]

  18. […] And Toonk and others predict that there could be more problems ahead, when we again cross that magic 512,000 threshold. “The problem is real, and we still haven’t seen the full effects, because most of the Internet hasn’t yet experienced the conditions that could cause problems for The problem is real, and we still haven’t seen the full effects, because most of the Internet hasn’t yet experienced the conditions that could cause problems for underprovisioned equipment. equipment,” wrote Jime Cowie, Chief Scientist at networking company Dyn, on his company’s blog.[4] […]

  19. […] Już padł eBay i PayPal oraz LastPass. Niektóre z routerów obsługujących BGP mają bowiem za mało pamięci, aby udźwignąć obecny rozmiar niektórych tablic zawierających trasy (prefiksy) BGP, który właśnie przekroczył 512K. […]

  20. […] August 13, 2014 Leave a comment (adsbygoogle = window.adsbygoogle || []).push({}); Chart courtesy of Renesys, a subsidiary of Dyn […]

  21. […] August 13, 2014 fiascojob Chart courtesy of Renesys, a subsidiary of Dyn […]

  22. […] ikke har opplevd forholdene som skaper trøbbel for underdimensjonert utstyr, skriver de i en lengre redegjørelse av hva som er i ferd med å […]

  23. nrileykc says:

    Didn’t have any issues here, but a lot of tickets from users on my servers – http://thenet.today/2014/08/12/the-internet-hit-512k-bgp-routes-today/

  24. […] may have heard that the Internet broke recently because of the 512K limit. The problem is that global routing tables, which must be stored on every border router, have grown […]

  25. […] By Superconductor. Published on August 13, 2014. Chart courtesy of Renesys, a subsidiary of Dyn […]

  26. […] issues appear to be isolated, according to an analysis by network-performance monitoring service Renesys, a subsidiary of Dyn. Because only a small […]

  27. […] may have heard that the Internet broke recently because of the 512K limit. The problem is that global routing tables, which must be stored on every border router, have grown […]

  28. […] решить проблемы с нехваткой IPv4 адресов поставили Всемирную Сеть перед новой значительной проблемой […]

  29. […] may have heard that the Internet broke recently because of the 512K limit. The problem is that global routing tables, which must be stored on every border router, have grown […]

  30. […] Internet Touches Half Million Routes: Outages Possible Next Week, Jim Cowie […]

  31. […] 而目前,路由表的流量迅猛增长,一些老旧的、却仍在广泛使用的路由器(如思科等其他厂商的老产品)会无法承受高负荷,继而无法正常处理流量。旧的路由器只能处理 512000 条(即“512K”条) IPv4 路由,互联网流量管理公司 Dyn 的最新数据显示,近几日的流量已经达到该上限。 […]

  32. […] решить проблемы с нехваткой IPv4 адресов поставили Всемирную Сеть перед новой значительной проблемой […]

  33. […] 而目前,路由表的流量快速成長,一些老舊的、卻仍在廣泛使用的路由器(如思科等其他廠商的老產品)會無法承受高負荷,繼而無法正常處理流量。舊的路由器只能處理 512,000 條(即「512K」條) IPv4 路由,網路流量管理公司 Dyn 的最新資料顯示,近幾日的流量已經達到該上限。 […]

  34. […] 512000 条(即“512K”条) IPv4 路由,互联网流量管理公司 Dyn 的最新数据 […]

  35. […] The disruption could grow over the next few weeks as older hardware is identified, said net experts Renesys[2]. […]

  36. […] The disruption could grow over the next few weeks as older hardware is identified, said net experts Renesys. […]

  37. […] The disruption could grow over the next few weeks as older hardware is identified, said net experts Renesys. […]

  38. […] 而目前,路由表的流量迅猛增长,一些老旧的、却仍在广泛使用的路由器(如思科等其他厂商的老产品)会无法承受高负荷,继而无法正常处理流量。旧的路由器只能处理 512000 条(即“512K”条) IPv4 路由,互联网流量管理公司 Dyn 的最新数据显示,近几日的流量已经达到该上限。 […]

  39. […] The disruption could grow over the next few weeks as older hardware is identified, said net experts Renesys. […]

  40. […] The disruption could grow over the next few weeks as older hardware is identified, said net experts Renesys. […]

  41. […] The disruption could grow over the next few weeks as older hardware is identified, said net experts Renesys. […]

  42. […] The disruption could grow over the next few weeks as older hardware is identified, said net experts Renesys. […]

  43. […] The disruption could grow over the next few weeks as older hardware is identified, said net experts Renesys. […]

  44. […] is right around the corner for everyone on Earth, as early as next week,” he wrote in a blog post[3], adding, “this situation is more of an annoyance than a real internet-wide […]

  45. […] is right around the corner for everyone on Earth, as early as next week,” he wrote in a blog post, adding, “this situation is more of an annoyance than a real internet-wide […]

  46. […] is right around a dilemma for everybody on Earth, as early as subsequent week,” he wrote in a blog post, adding, “this conditions is some-more of an distrurbance than a genuine internet-wide […]

  47. […] is right around a dilemma for everybody on Earth, as early as subsequent week,” he wrote in a blog post, adding, “this conditions is some-more of an distrurbance than a genuine internet-wide […]

  48. […] is right around the corner for everyone on Earth, as early as next week,” he wrote in a blog post, adding, “this situation is more of an annoyance than a real internet-wide […]

  49. […] is right around a dilemma for everybody on Earth, as early as subsequent week,” he wrote in a blog post, adding, “this conditions is some-more of an distrurbance than a genuine internet-wide […]

  50. […] is right around the corner for everyone on Earth, as early as next week,” he wrote in a blog post, adding, “this situation is more of an annoyance than a real internet-wide […]

  51. […] is right around the corner for everyone on Earth, as early as next week,” he wrote in a blog post, adding, “this situation is more of an annoyance than a real internet-wide […]

  52. […] admin       August 13, 2014 Internet routers hitting 512K limit, some become unreliable2014-08-13T19:03:00+00:00     Security     No Comment Chart courtesy of Renesys, a subsidiary of Dyn […]

  53. […] is right around the corner for everyone on Earth, as early as next week,” he wrote in a blog post, adding, “this situation is more of an annoyance than a real internet-wide […]

  54. […] [email protected] /* */ Rich Trenholm       August 13, 2014      Security     No Comment Chart courtesy of Renesys, a subsidiary of Dyn […]

  55. […] Internet Touches Half Million Routes: Outages Possible Next WeekInternet routers hitting 512K limit, some become unreliableThe end of the internet predicted, news at 11Echoes of Y2K: Engineers Buzz That Internet Is Outgrowing Its GearThe internet broke yesterdayBGP Analysis Reports […]

  56. […] is right around the corner for everyone on Earth, as early as next week,” he wrote in a blog post, adding, “this situation is more of an annoyance than a real internet-wide […]

  57. […] is right around the corner for everyone on Earth, as early as next week,” he wrote in a blog post, adding, “this situation is more of an annoyance than a real internet-wide […]

  58. […] is right around the corner for everyone on Earth, as early as next week,” he wrote in a blog post, adding, “this situation is more of an annoyance than a real internet-wide […]

  59. […] is right around the corner for everyone on Earth, as early as next week,” he wrote in a blog post, adding, “this situation is more of an annoyance than a real internet-wide […]

  60. […] is right around the corner for everyone on Earth, as early as next week,” he wrote in a blog post, adding, “this situation is more of an annoyance than a real internet-wide […]

  61. Steve says:

    IPv6 is a poorly thought out standard usually defended by its fanboys as “its the best we could do”. As noted in the article, vast blocks of IPv4 addresses were taken by early US Internet related companies (e.g. US Military) and the release of these squatted addresses would help. And larger routing tables take time to be sorted by equipment, resulting in higher latency for newer equipment with larger route table capability.

  62. […] is right around the corner for everyone on Earth, as early as next week,” he wrote in a blog post, adding, “this situation is more of an annoyance than a real internet-wide […]

  63. […] is right around the corner for everyone on Earth, as early as next week,” he wrote in a blog post, adding, “this situation is more of an annoyance than a real internet-wide […]

  64. […] is right around the corner for everyone on Earth, as early as next week,” he wrote in a blog post, adding, “this situation is more of an annoyance than a real internet-wide […]

  65. […]   而目前,路由表的流量迅猛增长,一些老旧的、却仍在广泛使用的路由器(如思科等其他厂商的老产品)会无法承受高负荷,继而无法正常处理流量。旧的路由器只能处理 512000 条(即“512K”条) IPv4 路由,互联网流量管理公司 Dyn 的最新数据显示,近几日的流量已经达到该上限。 […]

  66. […] Commercial Satellite Has Zoom View of Earth. Read more … », as early as next week,” he wrote in a blog post, adding, “this situation is more of an annoyance than a real internetUntested Ebola drugs […]

  67. […] is right around a dilemma for everybody on Earth, as early as subsequent week,” he wrote in a blog post, adding, “this conditions is some-more of an distrurbance than a genuine internet-wide […]

  68. […]   而目前,路由表的流量迅猛增长,一些老旧的、却仍在广泛使用的路由器(如思科等其他厂商的老产品)会无法承受高负荷,继而无法正常处理流量。旧的路由器只能处理 512000 条(即“512K”条) IPv4 路由,互联网流量管理公司 Dyn 的最新数据显示,近几日的流量已经达到该上限。 […]

  69. […] is right around a dilemma for everybody on Earth, as early as subsequent week,” he wrote in a blog post, adding, “this conditions is some-more of an distrurbance than a genuine internet-wide […]

  70. […]   而目前,路由表的流量迅猛增长,一些老旧的、却仍在广泛使用的路由器(如思科等其他厂商的老产品)会无法承受高负荷,继而无法正常处理流量。旧的路由器只能处理 512000 条(即“512K”条) IPv4 路由,互联网流量管理公司 Dyn 的最新数据显示,近几日的流量已经达到该上限。 […]

  71. […] is right around the corner for everyone on Earth, as early as next week,” he wrote in a blog post, adding, “this situation is more of an annoyance than a real internet-wide […]

  72. […] al weinig IPv6-verkeer zullen hebben”, merkt Jim Cowie van Renesys enigszins cynisch op in zijn analyse. Door TCAM te vergoten voor IPv4, creëren die partijen in elk geval weer tijdelijk ruimte. De […]

  73. […] is right around the corner for everyone on Earth, as early as next week,” he wrote in a blog post, adding, “this situation is more of an annoyance than a real internet-wide […]

  74. […] is right around the corner for everyone on Earth, as early as next week,” he wrote in a blog post, adding, “this situation is more of an annoyance than a real internet-wide […]

  75. […] is right around a dilemma for everybody on Earth, as early as subsequent week,” he wrote in a blog post, adding, “this conditions is some-more of an distrurbance than a genuine internet-wide […]

  76. […] correctement au-delà de ce seuil, faute de mémoire suffisante et de processeurs performants, explique Renesys, une société experte en surveillance des […]

  77. […] is right around a dilemma for everybody on Earth, as early as subsequent week,” he wrote in a blog post, adding, “this conditions is some-more of an distrurbance than a genuine internet-wide […]

  78. […] 而目前,路由表的流量迅猛增长,一些老旧的、却仍在广泛使用的路由器(如思科等其他厂商的老产品)会无法承受高负荷,继而无法正常处理流量。旧的路由器只能处理 512000 条(即“512K”条) IPv4 路由,互联网流量管理公司 Dyn 的最新数据显示,近几日的流量已经达到该上限。 […]

  79. […] monitoring company Renesys provides one of the most technically astute and nuanced articles about 512k and what the future […]

  80. […] internet may soon be too large for many border routers to handle, according to a new report from analysts at Renesys. Older hardware could reach a breaking point in the next few weeks, causing failures across smaller […]

  81. […] internet may soon be too large for many border routers to handle, according to a new report from analysts at Renesys. Older hardware could reach a breaking point in the next few weeks, causing failures across smaller […]

  82. […] internet may soon be too large for many border routers to handle, according to a new report from analysts at Renesys. Older hardware could reach a breaking point in the next few weeks, causing failures across smaller […]

  83. […] internet may soon be too large for many border routers to handle, according to a new report from analysts at Renesys. Older hardware could reach a breaking point in the next few weeks, causing failures across smaller […]

  84. […] internet may soon be too large for many border routers to handle, according to a new report from analysts at Renesys. Older hardware could reach a breaking point in the next few weeks, causing failures across smaller […]

  85. […] internet may soon be too large for many border routers to handle, according to a new report from analysts at Renesys. Older hardware could reach a breaking point in the next few weeks, causing failures across smaller […]

  86. […] internet may soon be too large for many border routers to handle, according to a new report from analysts at Renesys. Older hardware could reach a breaking point in the next few weeks, causing failures across smaller […]

  87. […] internet may soon be too large for many border routers to handle, according to a new report from analysts at Renesys. Older hardware could reach a breaking point in the next few weeks, causing failures across smaller […]

  88. […] internet may soon be too large for many border routers to handle, according to a new report from analysts at Renesys. Older hardware could reach a breaking point in the next few weeks, causing failures across smaller […]

  89. […] is right around the corner for everyone on Earth, as early as next week,” he wrote in a blog post, adding, “this situation is more of an annoyance than a real internet-wide […]

  90. […] internet may soon be too large for many border routers to handle, according to a new report from analysts at Renesys. Older hardware could reach a breaking point in the next few weeks, causing failures across smaller […]

  91. […] internet may soon be too large for many border routers to handle, according to a new report from analysts at Renesys. Older hardware could reach a breaking point in the next few weeks, causing failures across smaller […]

  92. […] analyst Jim Cowie, however, is quick to point out that the situation is “more of an annoyance than a real Internet-wide threat,” as […]

  93. […] internet may soon be too large for many border routers to handle, according to a new report from analysts at Renesys. Older hardware could reach a breaking point in the next few weeks, causing failures across smaller […]

  94. […] analyst Jim Cowie, however, is quick to point out that the situation is “more of an annoyance than a real Internet-wide threat,” as […]

  95. […] internet may soon be too large for many border routers to handle, according to a new report from analysts at Renesys. Older hardware could reach a breaking point in the next few weeks, causing failures across smaller […]

  96. […] analyst Jim Cowie, however, is quick to point out that the situation is “more of an annoyance than a real Internet-wide threat,” as […]

  97. […] is right around the corner for everyone on Earth, as early as next week, » he wrote in a blog post, adding, « this situation is more of an annoyance than a real internet-wide […]

  98. […] is right around the corner for everyone on Earth, as early as next week,” he wrote in a blog post, adding, “this situation is more of an annoyance than a real internet-wide […]

  99. […] internet may soon be too large for many border routers to handle, according to a new report from analysts at Renesys. Older hardware could reach a breaking point in the next few weeks, causing failures across smaller […]

  100. […] internet may soon be too large for many border routers to handle, according to a new report from analysts at Renesys. Older hardware could reach a breaking point in the next few weeks, causing failures across smaller […]

  101. […] Renesys nev�, h�l�zatmenedzsmenttel foglalkoz� c�g szerint az internet fel�p�t�s�nek a […]

  102. […] is right around a dilemma for everybody on Earth, as early as subsequent week,” he wrote in a blog post, adding, “this conditions is some-more of an distrurbance than a genuine internet-wide […]

  103. […] ser pronto demasiado grande como para que muchos routers puedan manejarlo, de acuerdo con un nuevo informe de los analistas de Renesys. El hardware antiguo podría llegar a estropearse en las próximas semanas, sobretodo el de los […]

  104. […] acelerado e desordenado pode resultar em uma catástrofe para muitos servidores. Analistas do Renesys fizeram uma previsão bastante apocalíptica para o futuro próximo da rede, afirmando que muitos […]

  105. […] acelerado e desordenado pode resultar em uma catástrofe para muitos servidores. Analistas do Renesys fizeram uma previsão bastante apocalíptica para o futuro próximo da rede, afirmando que muitos […]

  106. […] acelerado e desordenado pode resultar em uma catástrofe para muitos servidores. Analistas do Renesys fizeram uma previsão bastante apocalíptica para o futuro próximo da rede, afirmando que muitos […]

  107. […] acelerado e desordenado pode resultar em uma catástrofe para muitos servidores. Analistas do Renesys fizeram uma previsão bastante apocalíptica para o futuro próximo da rede, afirmando que muitos […]

  108. […] acelerado e desordenado pode resultar em uma catástrofe para muitos servidores. Analistas do Renesys fizeram uma previsão bastante apocalíptica para o futuro próximo da rede, afirmando […]

  109. […] riportato da un’analisi di Renesys, solo alcuni provider hanno raggiunto 512k rotte all’interno della loro Routing Tables, in base […]

  110. […] “512K is right around the corner for everyone on Earth, as early as next week,” he wrote in a blog post, adding, “this situation is more of an annoyance than a real internet-wide […]

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

You may use these HTML tags and attributes: <a href="" title=""> <abbr title=""> <acronym title=""> <b> <blockquote cite=""> <cite> <code> <del datetime=""> <em> <i> <q cite=""> <strike> <strong>